Posted by: dmconroy | February 18, 2009

ArcGIS Chapter 3

The chapters were a useful and simple introduction to basic tools. i like that it started off easy and simple while i am still getting to know the software. At times it took them a page or two to explain how to perform a simple task but i would prefer that opposed to not giving enough information or instruction.

There is a lot more to GIS than i first predicted. I was surprised to see how many different levels and variations on how to view the information. for example, being able to present the flight distance information in a table as well as a graph is a useful conceptual tool.

Posted by: dmconroy | February 16, 2009

Otto Neurath

fotoneurath

Background:

  • Otto Neurath was born in Vienna in 1882, earned his doctorate in Berlin and returned to Vienna to begin teaching. His concentrations were sociology, economics and philosophy. 
  • His early published works were focused on war economy. He began developing his socialist theories that were mainly focused on how to effectively run an economy in time of war. He argued that in the time of war an economy would most successfully be run from a centralized authority. He was was one the first to link socialism explicitly with war.
  • Following WWI Neurath envisioned the full socialization of the economy, and believed that various central administrations would best control the economy with the extenive use of statistics.
  • In 1919 Neurath served as president of the central planning office in the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic .
  • Returning to Austria in 1924 he became the Director of the Social and Economic Museum. The Museum was one of the major showplaces in what was known as ‘Red-Vienna’.

Related Work:

  • Neurath was a member of the Vienna Circle. This was an organized association of the regions most influential philosophers.
  • Members of the Vienna Circle had a common attitude towards philosophy, characterized by two main beliefs;
  1. Experience is the only source of knowledge,
  2. logical analysis performed with the help of symbolic logic is the preferred method for solving philosophical problems.
  • Neurath contributed to the beginings of the Vienna Circle. He was involved in early discussions and meetings concerning the philosophy of science and epistemology.
  • Throughout this time, Neurath advocated ‘physicalism’ which argues that the nature of the actual world (i.e. the universe and everything in it) conforms to a certain condition, the condition of being physical.
  • Physicalists don’t deny that the world might contain many items that at first glance don’t seem physical (items of a biological, or psychological, or moral, or social nature) But they insist that at the end of the day these items are physical and therefore quantifiable.
  • Neurath; “According to physicalism, the language of physics is the universal language of science and, consequently, any knowledge can be brought back to the statements on the physical objects.”
  • For Neurath, physicalism was a linguistic doctrine that promised a desirable unification of the languages of the different sciences.
  • Neurath’s Isotype system was featured in the Social and Economic Museum. This was Neurath’s most notable work derived from his beliefs and teachings. Isotype stands for, International System of Typographical Education. This was a system of images meant to represent economic and social conditions.

 Neurath’s Philosophy and Isotype; A Wrap-up of Ideas.

  • The formation of the Isotpye, a physical representation of social reality, was the practical outcome of Neuraths work.
  • Isotype was a practical means to represent the ‘Logical Positivist’ assertion that scientific theories are nothing more than a formal system of signs, rules for their manipulation, and ‘correspondance rules’ that link up the signs to the phenomenal reality.
  • Neurath’s phyicalism was compatible with the idea that statistical information on physical quantities of goods and on ‘life dispositions’ are all that is needed to scientifically manage a complex economy.
Posted by: dmconroy | February 9, 2009

Ohio Rainwater Regulations

The regulations and restrictions are generally related to the use of ‘potable water’ or water that is fit to drink. Municipalities worldwide that are already practicing harvesting generally ban its use as potable water.

Worldwide, the majority of rainwater that is harvested is used for sanitary use (toilet flushing) and agricultural use (garden irrigation). Both would be practical uses at OWU that would help make OWU green and save green.

Ohio Regulaions-

Ohio has the most extensive regulations regarding rainwater harvesting. Most deal with various specifications of construction, zoning and disinfection standards.

Posted by: dmconroy | February 4, 2009

Useful/Interesting Websites

Helpful RainGarden Links- Delaware SWCD Rain Garden ManualLexington KY, Raingarden Manual,

equations and information-

Rainwater harvesting at NCSU

“Providing Everything But The Rain” 

Posted by: dmconroy | January 26, 2009

Schuurman: Chapter 1 notes

GIS has expanded beyond simply geographic application and is now being applied in nearly all aspects of our daily lives. Not only has the range of use expanded but the technology and software is continually expanding and improving. The first section outlines that the use, definition and application of GIS is variable based on the perspective of the user and field of application.

Schuurman then outlines the origins and the early uses of the system and the application of early “spatial analysis” systems. It started as a physical representation and model of the digital form we now know today. The early users and developers recognized the potential impact it could have in the fields of geography and geology. She continues to discuss the complexity of uncovering the roots and origins of GIS. Even at the earliest stages, various systems were used for a broad range of applications and aiming toward different goals.

She continues to outline in the remaining sections how GIS can be used in nearly all aspects of our daily lives. GIS is an ever expanding system that has been able to redefine many of the ways we look at and analyze data in both urban and rural settings across the globe.

Posted by: dmconroy | January 13, 2009

Interesting GIS app.

Cool App. 1- Debris Flows- “The construction of roads during developmental activities frequently cut- across the debris flow tracks. The result is that debris is frquently dumped on the roads in every surge, particularly during the monsoons. When debris has accumulated in sufficient amount blocking the road, it is pushed down on the lower slopes to clear the passage. Besides causing traffic hindrance, this also destroys the natural vegetation- ecosystem on the lower slopes.”

Cool App. 2 Vulneraility Reduction-“The project concentrates on medium-sized cities in developing countries, which do not yet utilize Geographic Information Systems in their urban planning, and which are threatened by natural hazards. The methodology concentrates on the application of methods for hazard assessment, elements at risk mapping, vulnerability assessment, risk assessment, and the development of GIS-based risk scenarios for varying hazard scenarios and vulnerability reduction options, using structural and/or non-structural measures.”

Cool App. 3- Land Use/Cover Change- “Land use and land cover of the earth are changing dramatically because of the human activities and natural disasters. To simulate the changes of land use/cover is significant for making a sustainable land use plan.”

Posted by: dmconroy | January 13, 2009

Basic Info

Dan Conroy

Delaware, Ohio, United States of America

Ohio Wesleyan University: Senior

Politics and Government Major

Interests: Sports (playing and watching), Outdoor activities

Work: Youth club soccer coach, Delaware Soil and Water Conservation

Posted by: dmconroy | January 12, 2009

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